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How To Read A Smart Contract Audit Report

Diligent smart contract audits are an essential part of crypto security. Getting the audit is only the first step, though. As a protocol owner, even if you receive an audit from one of the best smart contract auditors, you still have to understand their findings and implement any fixes. As an investor, how do you

Analysis: Is Cardano Dead?

Cardano is, at time of writing, the 7th most popular cryptocurrency by market cap of it’s native token, ADA. The coin has gathered much attention, particularly on Reddit and in retail investor circles, due in part to its low unit price. ADA’s price has continued to fall for almost a year despite the launch of

I Got Options: Dopex Protocol Overview

Dopex is the premier on-chain options provider. The Arbitrum-native protocol has broken much ground for delivering decentralized, trustless options trading to the blockchain. This Dopex protocol overview article will dive into some of the technical details that make this protocol so special. Fear not, there is no scary math ahead! Part of my reason for

Crypto Market Temperature Check

Crypto markets bleed red today. Terra uses BTC reserves to save the UST from going to zero, and LUNA nukes. Learn why, now.

May FOMC Takeaway

The FED continues to try to tame inflation. FED raises rates 50 bps, and announces plans for balance sheet reduction, QT, beginning June 1. Currently the FED shows no plans for rate hikes higher than 50 bps.

A Quick Update on CBDCs

A CBDC Update for the US, EU, China, and Russia projects. Things are moving along very quickly as 9 countries already use a CBDC, and 14 more are in pilot.

Breaking: Fei Protocol Hacked For $76 Million Loss

Dawn breaks Saturday morning in the Americas with a crushing DeFi exploit. Stablecoin provider and Tribe DAO member Fei Protocol was hacked in a series of transactions around 6:30 EST, for a loss of over 26,873 ETH, just over $76 million USD. The protocol is currently offering a $10 million USD whitehat bounty for return

Saddle Finance Hacked For $11 Million USD Loss

Saddle Finance is no stranger to hacks. They’ve already been hit before, under somewhat suspicious circumstances. This time around, though, it looks like a plain old fatfinger by the developers. Saddle Finance was hacked today, 4/30/22, for the loss of 3,933 ETH, worth over $11 million. The swap between sUSD and saddleUSD-V2 did not use

Concentrated Liquidity: Uniswap V3 Overview

In Decentralized Finance, protocols live and die by liquidity. Billions of dollars are thrown around trying to manage and direct it. There are entire protocols that only exist to manage liquidity. For much of DeFi history, there was only one answer when it came to efficient swaps for large amounts: Curve. That changed with the

Breaking: Bored Ape Yacht Club Instagram Hacked, 100+ NFTs Lost

In the time-honored tradition of Bored Ape Yacht Club holders losing their shirts to scams, another hacker has managed to fleece the masses. There’s a twist this time, though: the official Bored Ape Yacht Club Instagram was compromised. The attacker posted a link to a fake BAYC Metaverse land drop, and hoovered up NFTs from

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Vyper for Beginners — Dynamic Arrays

Welcome back to Vyper for Beginners! This lesson covers dynamic arrays, a key data type that was recently introduced with Vyper 0.3.2. This builds off the previous lessons, so please review the series below if you need a refresher or encounter anything here that is unfamiliar. NOTE: Vyper 0.3.3 was recently released, which fixes a

AkuDreams Griefed: Careless Code Leads To $45 Million Locked

Refundable auctions are a hot topic today on Twitter. There was the wildly successful Anata NFT drop… and then there was the AkuDreams auction. The auction required users to transfer funds with their bid, and allowed them to claim a refund afterwards if the Dutch auction price dropped below their bid. However, a bug in

E-Cash Proposal and CBDC Update

A Bill proposed in the United States House of Representatives asks for the United States Treasury to develop an alternative to a CBDC. The proposal comes as a response to the continued work the Federal Reserve and the US Treasury undergo to develop a CBDC. This is a proposal for a “digital equivalent” to physical dollars.

Permisionless Money Markets: Fuse Protocol Overview

Virtually all lending/borrowing protocols are permissioned. Governance or developer intervention is required to support new tokens, etc. There is an important exception to this rule: Fuse. In this article, we’re going to to cover a high level overview of the Fuse protocol ecosystem. Buckle up, kiddos. We’re going on a trip. First, a bit of